libcoap  4.3.1-develop-349a0db
coap_uri(3)
coap_uri

SYNOPSIS

#include <coap3/coap.h>

int coap_split_uri(const uint8_t *uri_def, size_t length, coap_uri_t *uri);

int coap_split_proxy_uri(const uint8_t *uri_def, size_t length, coap_uri_t *uri);

coap_uri_t *coap_new_uri(const uint8_t *uri_def, unsigned int length);

coap_uri_t *coap_clone_uri(const coap_uri_t *uri);

void coap_delete_uri(coap_uri_t *uri);

int coap_uri_into_options(coap_uri_t *uri, coap_optlist_t **optlist_chain, int create_port_opt, uint8_t *buf, size_t buflen);

For specific (D)TLS library support, link with -lcoap-3-notls, -lcoap-3-gnutls, -lcoap-3-openssl, -lcoap-3-mbedtls or -lcoap-3-tinydtls. Otherwise, link with -lcoap-3 to get the default (D)TLS library support.

DESCRIPTION

This man page describes the functionality available to work with CoAP URIs and break them down into the component parts.

A CoAP URI is of the form

<scheme><host><(optional):port><(optional)path><(optional)?query>

where scheme can be one of coap://, coaps://, coap+tcp:// and coaps+tcp://.

The parsed uri structure is of the form

typedef struct {
  coap_str_const_t host;  /* The host part of the URI */
  uint16_t port;          /* The port in host byte order */
  coap_str_const_t path;  /* The complete path if present or {0, NULL}.
                             Needs to be split using coap_split_path()
                             or coap_uri_into_options(). */
  coap_str_const_t query; /* The complete query if present or {0, NULL}.
                             Needs to be split using coap_split_query()
                             or coap_uri_into_options(). */
  enum coap_uri_scheme_t scheme; /* The parsed scheme specifier. */
} coap_uri_t;

FUNCTIONS

Function: coap_split_uri()

The coap_split_uri() function is used to parse the provided uri_def of length length into the component parts held in the uri structure. These component parts are the host, port, path, query and the CoAP URI scheme.

Function: coap_split_proxy_uri()

The coap_split_proxy_uri() function is used to parse the provided uri_def of length length into the component parts held in the uri structure. These component parts are the host, port, path, query and the URI scheme. The schemes also includes support for http:// and https:// as the proxy may need to be a coap-to-http proxy.

Function: coap_new_uri()

The coap_new_uri() function creates a new coap_uri_t structure and populates it using coap_split_uri() with uri_def and length as input. The returned coap_uri_t structure needs to be freed off using coap_delete_uri().

Function: coap_clone_uri()

The coap_clone_uri() function duplicates a uri coap_uri_t structure. The returned coap_uri_t structure needs to be freed off using coap_delete_uri().

Function: coap_delete_uri()

The coap_delete_uri() function frees off a previously created uri coap_uri_t structure.

Function: coap_uri_into_options()

The coap_uri_into_options() function takes the uri structure and then takes CoAP options derived from this information and adds them to optlist_chain. The initial optlist_chain entry should be set to NULL before this function is called (unless coap_insert_optlist(3) has been previously used).

If the port is not the default port and create_port_opt is not 0, then the Port option is added to optlist_chain.

If there is a path, then this is broken down into individual Path options for each segment which are then added to optlist_chain.

Likewise, if there is a query, individual Query options for each segment are then added to optlist_chain.

buf provides a scratch buffer to use, of size buflen bytes. buf needs to be as big as the path or query lengths.

NOTE: It is the responsibility of the application to free off the entries added to optlist_chain using coap_delete_optlist(3).

RETURN VALUES

coap_split_uri(), coap_split_proxy_uri(), and coap_uri_into_options() return 0 on success, else < 0 on failure.

coap_new_uri() and coap_clone_uri() return a newly allocated coap_uri_t structure or NULL on failure.

EXAMPLES

Setup PDU and Transmit

#include <coap3/coap.h>

/*
 * Returns 0 failure, 1 success
 */
static int
parse_and_send_uri(coap_session_t *session, const char *do_uri) {
  coap_uri_t uri;
  coap_optlist_t *optlist = NULL;
  coap_pdu_t *pdu;
  coap_proto_t proto = coap_session_get_proto(session);
  int res;
  coap_mid_t mid;
#define BUFSIZE 100
  unsigned char buf[BUFSIZE];

  /* Parse the URI */
  res = coap_split_uri((const uint8_t*)do_uri, strlen(do_uri), &uri);
  if (res != 0)
    return 0;

  /* Check the scheme matches the session type */
  switch (uri.scheme) {
  case COAP_URI_SCHEME_COAP:
    if (proto != COAP_PROTO_UDP)
      return 0;
    break;
  case COAP_URI_SCHEME_COAPS:
    if (proto != COAP_PROTO_DTLS)
      return 0;
    break;
  case COAP_URI_SCHEME_COAP_TCP:
    if (proto != COAP_PROTO_TCP)
      return 0;
    break;
  case COAP_URI_SCHEME_COAPS_TCP:
    if (proto != COAP_PROTO_TLS)
      return 0;
    break;
  /* Proxy support only */
  case COAP_URI_SCHEME_HTTP:
  case COAP_URI_SCHEME_HTTPS:
  default:
    return 0;
  }

  /* construct CoAP message */
  pdu = coap_pdu_init(COAP_MESSAGE_CON,
                      COAP_REQUEST_CODE_GET,
                      coap_new_message_id(session),
                      coap_session_max_pdu_size(session));
  if (pdu == NULL)
    return 0;

  /* Create all the necessary options from the URI */
  res = coap_uri_into_options(&uri, &optlist, 1, buf, sizeof(buf));
  if (res != 0)
    return 0;

  /* Add option list (which will get sorted) to the PDU */
  if (optlist) {
    res = coap_add_optlist_pdu(pdu, &optlist);
    coap_delete_optlist(optlist);
    if (res != 1)
      return 0;
  }

  /* and send the PDU */
  mid = coap_send(session, pdu);
  if (mid == COAP_INVALID_MID)
    return 0;
  return 1;
}

FURTHER INFORMATION

See

"RFC7252: The Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP)"

for further information.

BUGS

Please report bugs on the mailing list for libcoap: libcoap-developers@lists.sourceforge.net or raise an issue on GitHub at https://github.com/obgm/libcoap/issues

AUTHORS

The libcoap project <libcoap-developers@lists.sourceforge.net>

coap_uri(3)